Peterborough Ware refers to a style of pottery found in southern England and dating from 3500BC – the Neolithic period. It is not unique to Peterborough but there have been significant finds nearby. With underlying beds of clay, the Peterborough area went on to become home to significant pottery and brick making activity for thousands of years.
There were extensive Roman potteries near Water Newton. This is close to the Roman fortified garrison town of Durobrivae on Ermine Street – where this major road north crossed the River Nene. Peterborough was an important area of ceramic production in the Roman period, providing Nene Valley Ware that was traded as far away as Cornwall and the Antonine Wall.